Skin Biology 101

Skin Biology 101

In order to understand stem cells in skincare, you have to understand some basic skin biology.

As the body’s largest organ, skin is the first and most important line of defense against the outside world. It protects you from UV radiation, harmful pathogens, toxic substances, and anything else with which you’ve ever come into contact (so basically, everything).

Your skin has three layers: the epidermis, the dermis, and the hypodermis (aka the top, middle, and bottom layer). Each layer of skin serves its own important purpose, but FACTORFIVE Skincare has a vested interest in the hypodermis. That’s because the hypodermis contains a layer of subcutaneous fat–or adipose tissue.

Adipose tissue has the highest concentration of adult stem cells in the human body (no other tissue type has as many stem cells per millimeter). At FACTORFIVE, we collect these adipose-derived stem cells (or ADSCs) from healthy and consenting liposuction patients, and encourage the cells to express powerful protein signals which we then formulate into the most effective skincare line available.

As your skin ages, it naturally loses:

  • Hyaluronic Acid: that hydrates, smooths, and softens the skin while calming redness and inflammation.
  • Collagen: the main structural protein found in skin.
  • Elastin: a key protein of the extracellular matrix that provides elasticity and suppleness to your skin.

By replacing these depleting factors with your daily FACTORFIVE Skincare regimen, you can keep your skin naturally nourished and healthy.